ISO 22000 is an International Standard for FSMS (Food Safety Management System). This standard is generic in nature and can be applied to organizations of any type, size and nature. This international standard ISO 22000, can be implemented by any organization within the Food Supply Chain irrespective of whether it has a direct or circumlocutory involvement.
ISO 22000 is a highly efficient combination of auditable requirements of Food Safety Management System. It is a combination of HACCP Plan, pre requisite programs and operational pre requisite programs. Hazard analysis is the first step of Food Safety Management System as it involves identification of all hazards, analysis of significance and determining treatment methods required to establish an effective combination of control measures. All hazards including the ones expected to occur in food chain due to the type of facility or processes, are identified, assessed and actions taken.
1. Interactive communication
2. System management
3. Prerequisite programs
4. HACCP principles
ISO 22000 integrates the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system and application steps developed by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. By means of auditable requirements, it combines the HACCP plan with prerequisite programmes.
Hazard analysis is the key to an effective food safety management system, since conducting a hazard analysis assists in organizing the knowledge required to establish an effective combination of control measures. ISO 22000 requires that all hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur in the food chain, including hazards that may be associated with the type of process and facilities used, are identified and assessed.